• Napoleon holds a crown and stands above a kneeling Josephine in Notre Dame Cathedral. They are surrounded by a large crowd of people and all are dressed similarly in bright colors.

Challenging Cosmopolitanism

Challenging Cosmopolitanism

The temptation to look longingly to idealised visions of Islamic cosmopolitanism as the antithesis to the militant communal solidarity associated with contemporary groups, such as the Islamic State (IS), can be quite powerful. Many scholars and popular writers have pointed…