Scottish Muslims: Unity and Belonging

Photograph of the Islamic tartan
The official Islamic tartan allows Scottish Muslims to express both their Islamic and Scottish identities.

Scottish Muslims’ lives are dressed up in tartan and play the music of Islam. The Scottish ‘Muslim community’ is made up of people of various ages, ethnicities and social classes. But what they have in common is that they identify as both Muslim and Scottish. And this is where the novelty lies.

Of course, the marriage between Islam and Scotland is not free from obstacles. Still, it feeds into powerful narratives of unity between religion and nation. Scotland’s Muslims are children of both Islam and Scotland.

A sense of Scottish–Muslim unity

The reshaping of Muslim community boundaries in Scotland is well underway. Old stereotypes are being forgotten. Muslims are no longer seen as migrants with strong ethnic identities and an evergreen nostalgia for their countries of origin. Values are changing. Kinship, honour and tribal affiliation once held sway. Now, feelings of belonging among Scotland’s young Muslims are shaped by several factors:

  • the Scottish ethos of tolerance
  • peaceful, democratic and civic nationalism
  • vivid and popular cultural iconographies: for example, the poetry of Robert Burns and traditional bagpipe music
  • low entry tariffs for higher education
  • a sense of oppressed identity
  • active detachment from a perceived ‘imperialist’ England
Photograph of Edinburgh skyline showing minaret and church and other spires.
Edinburgh Central Mosque’s minaret joins church and monument spires on Edinburgh’s skyline.

Scottish Muslims and a new Scottish society

Young Scottish Muslims have survived the post-9/11 stage of global stigmatisation. They have formed ties within their own changing community. Equally, they have built bridges with the non-Muslim majority. While not free from cultural tensions, this unified identity contains the seeds of success. And it is in the hands of these new generations of Muslims that the future of the Scottish Muslim community rests.

These new generations have a number of advantages. They can retain some of their parents’ tools of community cohesion. At the same time, they can develop a sense of collective identity. This makes them more attuned to Scottish society and the contemporary world.

Despite the perils that it encounters, the marriage between Islam and Scotland contains the potential to succeed. In the end, it will pave the way to a new Scottish Muslim community. And it will, eventually, help to shape a new Scottish society.

Photograph: Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon visits Ahmadiyya Mosque in Glasgow
Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon visits Scottish Muslims at Ahmadiyya Mosque in Glasgow.

By Stefano Bonino

Stefano Bonino

Stefano Bonino is a scholar who works on topics such as security and migration. He is a Fellow of both the Royal Society of Arts and the Higher Education Academy. You can find out more about Stefano on his author page.

Image of book cover: Muslims in Scotland
Muslims in Scotland by Stefano Bonino

Did you enjoy ‘Scottish Muslims: Unity and Belonging’? Read more in Stefano Bonino’s book Muslims in Scotland.

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Naomi Farmer
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  1. This seems a bit naive and ignorant about the military and political aspects that are a core part of Islamic doctrine (in the Medinan suras of the Quran, for example).

  2. This article beautifully highlights the evolving unity between Islam and Scotland, where young Scottish Muslims embrace both their religious identity and their Scottish nationality. The fusion of cultural iconographies, education, and a sense of belonging fosters a harmonious bond within the community and bridges with the non-Muslim majority.

    This emerging generation holds the promise of a prosperous and integrated Scottish Muslim community that contributes positively to shaping a diverse and inclusive Scottish society.

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